Click HERE to download a copy of the Service for October 18, 2020 - St. Luke.
Thursday, October 15, 2020
Sunday, October 11, 2020
Wednesday, October 7, 2020
Book Review: Live Not by Lies by Rod Dreher (2020)
Live Not by Lies is a powerful and quite timely book written by an outstanding columnist and Orthodox believer. It should find its way onto every Lutheran's shelf.
See Pastor Carnehl's Goodreads review here: https://www.goodreads.com/review/show/3564689618?book_show_action=false&from_review_page=1
And his YouTube review here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyIrwOJLiBQ
And, check out this article by Rod Dreher: https://www.theamericanconservative.com/dreher/maria-wittner-hungary-warning-live-not-by-lies-guns/
Sunday, October 4, 2020
Monday, September 28, 2020
|"The Crusaders before Jerusalem"|
by N. C. Wyeth (1924)
|Crusader crosses cover a wall at the Church of the Holy |
Sepulchre, Jerusalem (Photo by Rev. Carnehl)
- 1095 marked the call to crusade from Pope Urban II, and the last military order of crusaders was established and disbanded in 1890.
- Where? Eastern Mediterranean (i.e. the Levant), Baltic shoreline, North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula (i.e. Spain and Portugal), Poland, Hungary, the Balkans (i.e. modern-day Albania, Bosnia, etc.), and within Western Europe (i.e. Italy, France, and Germany)
- Who? Kings, knights, peasants, priests and eventually professional soldiers from Western Europe carried out crusades against Muslims, pagan Wends, Balts, Lithuanians, Mongols, Cathars, Hussites, and other “heretics.”
- What’s the big deal? Today the Crusades are commonly held up as among the worst episodes in Christian history. However, there is so much confusion and mis-information regarding these “penitential war pilgrimages.”
|"The Battle of Dorylaeum" by Gustave Dore (1877)|
Overview of Crusades
- First Crusade (1095 - 1099) captured Jerusalem, “Christ’s Patromony”
- Second Crusade (1147 - 1149) ended in disaster, except for the capture of Lisbon and decisive defeat of the Muslims there in 1147
- The Baltic Crusades (1147 on and off until 1316) was a series of drawn-out campaigns against various groups in the Baltic region
- Third Crusade (1189 - 1192), immortalized by King Richard the Lionheart, captured major Muslim cities, but failed to capture Jerusalem
- Fourth Crusade (1202 - 1204) was a disaster that led to the sack of Constantinople
- Albigensian Crusade (1209 - 1229) was essentially an act of genocide against a sect of Gnostic Christians living in southern France
- Children’s Crusade (1212) was a march to Italy with several thousand French and German youth that were attempting to reach the Holy Land. It ended with the children either starving, returning to their families, or being sold into slavery.
- Fifth Crusade (1217 - 1221) was an attempt to capture Egypt and secure a base for future campaigns. After some initial victories, it ended in severe defeat.
- Sixth Crusade (1228 - 1229) acquired Jerusalem and Bethlehem for the Kingdom of Jerusalem, more through diplomatic maneuvering than warfare.
- Seventh Crusade (1248 - 1254) was another disastrous attempt at taking Egypt as a springboard to further action in the Holy Land.
- Eighth Crusade (1270) was the attempt by Saint Louis (King Louis IX) to seize Tunis.
- Ninth Crusade (1271 - 1272) was a series of successful Crusader raids in the Holy Land led by Edward I (“Longshanks”) of England.
|"Crusaders Capture Jerusalem" from the |
Description of the Holy Land, 14th century
1096: The First Crusade
|"The Church of the Holy Sepulchre" by Dean Cornwell (c. 1926)|
- Crusading was considered an act of love: our idea of “violence” as inherently bad is a modern sensibility. The ancients and medievals had the view that violence was a morally neutral force and could be positively harnessed for protection, liberation, and discipline or negatively used for coercion, destruction, and evil.
- Crusading was considered penitential: the act of crusading was seen as purifying and sanctifying.
- Crusading was exceedingly costly: Most crusaders lost substantial sums of money, not to mention lands and possessions, in “taking up the cross.”
- Crusading was seen as liberation: the goal was the recovery and defense of Christian people and land in the East.
- Crusading was a product of the medieval world view: It’s difficult for us to even remotely understand the crusading fervor of the time. It’s strange to us that so many “mystics” of the Church in the middle ages preached the crusades: Bernard of Clairvaux, Bridget of Sweden, and Catherine of Siena.
Friday, September 25, 2020
Thursday, September 24, 2020
The History of the Church:
The Investiture Controversy
1059 - 1122
|Myers, Philip Van Ness (1905), |
A medieval king investing a bishop with the symbols of office
|Caesar's Coin by Peter Paul Rubens (1612-1614)|
The importance of the Investiture Controversy probably can't be overstated. It changed the Middle Ages in Europe, and thus, it changed the Western world. The actual process of investiture was a technicality: the papal focus during this period was on authority and power. By taking away the secular ruler's right of investing, that is, installing church officials, the Pope communicated that even the highest ruler of the land had no authority directly from God. The Pope was supreme in matters secular and religious, and is therefore like a father to the emperor. T.M. Parker writes, "Lay investiture, the juridical act symbolised by the giving of the episcopal ring and staff to the elected bishop, was the means by which the 'honour' of a bishopric was conferred, and this demonstrated in the most vivid way possible the control claimed by the temporal power over local church, accompanied as it was by the spoken formula, Accipe ecclesiam tuam." Nicholas II had forbidden lay investiture in 1059, though it was not very precise. Gregory VII in 1075 made it more overt, but it was most firmly expressed in the Concordat of Worms in 1122.
- The Roman Church was founded solely by God.
- Only the Pope can with right be called "Universal".
- He alone can depose or reinstate bishops.
- All bishops are below his Legate in council, even if a lower grade, and he can pass sentence of deposition against them.
- The Pope may depose the absent.
- Among other things, we ought not to remain in the same house with those excommunicated by him.
- For him alone is it lawful, according to the needs of the time, to make new laws, to assemble together new congregations, to make an abbey of a canonry, and, on the other hand, to divide a rich bishopric and unite the poor ones.
- He alone may use the Imperial Insignia.
- All princes shall kiss the feet of the Pope alone.
- His name alone shall be spoken in the churches.
- His title is unique in the world.
- It may be permitted to him to depose emperors.
- It may be permitted to him to transfer bishops, if need be.
- He has the power to ordain the clerk of any parish he wishes.
- He who is ordained by the Pope may preside over another church, but may not hold a subordinate position. Such a person may not receive a higher clerical grade from any other bishop.
- No synod shall be called a "General Synod" without his order.
- No chapter and no book shall be considered canonical without his authority.
- A sentence passed by him may be retracted by no one. He alone may retract it.
- He himself may be judged by no one.
- No one shall dare to condemn any person who appeals to the Apostolic Chair.
- The more important cases of every church should be referred to the Apostolic See.
- The Roman Church has never erred. Nor will it err, to all eternity--Scripture being witness.
- The Roman Pontiff, if he has been canonically ordained, is undoubtedly made holy by the merits of St. Peter, St. Ennodius Bishop of Pavia bearing witness, and many holy fathers agreeing with him. As it is contained in the decrees of Pope St. Symmachus.
- By his command and consent, it may be lawful for subordinates to bring accusations.
- He may depose and reinstate bishops without assembling a Synod.
- He who is not at peace with the Roman Church shall not be considered "catholic".
- He may absolve subjects from their fealty to wicked men.
Friday, September 18, 2020
Sunday, September 13, 2020
Sunday, September 6, 2020
Please click below to see the Order of Service for Easter 2. Or click THIS LINK to open the Order of Service as a PDF file.